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How To Avoid Bone Injuries

E-cigarettes-more-or-less-effective-than-nicotine-patches-in-studySmoking is one of the reasons why people suffer from osteoporosis. The chemicals from tobacco strip the bone of precious calcium and lower the bone mass. This lead to weaker bones later in life and exposes patients to potential bone injuries. Aside from quitting smoking, patients can avert injuries from osteoporosis by doing things to strengthen the bones and prevent life-threatening injuries. Here are some tips that you can do to avert bone injuries.

Exercise
Suffering osteoporosis is daunting that is why it is best to keep still in order to avoid any falls that can cause injury. The bone is weaker than usual if you are suffering from osteoporosis. Exercise provides better strength, balance and flexibility. This would make you the ability to stay on your feet. It is best to try low-impact exercises like walking and swimming to avoid potential injuries. Sports that involve twisting like golf should be avoided. Also, take a pass on sports like skiing or biking that may involve some crash or falling. Experts say that for elderly it is best to engage in tai chi.

Medicines
Medicines can cause you to feel dizzy can cause problems to the health if not used properly. It is best to review with your doctor the drugs that you are taking. Take a look at the medicines if there is a need to take it at the same dosage. Is there a need to switch to new medications? It is possible that your medications can also cause damage to the liver or kidneys. If you are suffering from eye problems and hearing interference then it can cause problems to your balance and increasing the likelihood that you will fall and be out of balance.

Careful
When you step it is best to be careful in each step that you make. If the floor looks slippery it is best to express extra caution. It is best to have some salt to be used on slippery iced sidewalks during winter. This will help you avoid falls and slippage due to the slippery ice. Highly polished floors are slippery so it is best to have more carpets to make the steps less slippery. Look out for surfaces that are not uneven and curbs that can cause injuries to you.

Smart
Becoming smart is the way to be safer and to avoid injuries. To decrease your chances of getting injured it is best to walk with your shoes on indoors. Walking barefoot or with socks may cause you to slip and cause you to fall and get injured. It is smart to wear shoes that fit you best and make sure that the shoe laces are properly tied. Pick a footwear that has very low heels has slip-resistant soles for better traction.

Clean
Clutter around the house can cause you to trip. It is best to install the coffee tables, magazine and shoe racks away from your regular path. Boxes and piles of laundry should not be put on your way. Make your home safe to walk and easy for your bones. Tuck away the electric cords that may get frayed and get exposed thus causing some electrical shock and cause you to trip or fall. Do you have children around? Make sure their Lego is tucked away when not in use because it is simply painful to step on a Lego.

The first rule in avoiding bone injuries is to improve bone health. Try not to smoke or quit as early as possible. Drink or eat foods or drinks that are rich in calcium and to ditch caffeinated drinks. Make sure your home is safe and you exercise more to lessen the likelihood that you will get injured from a slip or a fall.

 

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Smoke Gets To Your Ears: Effects And Treatments

6530412913_ce8d69f2c4_z_large_verge_medium_landscapeSmoking can impact your lungs, mouth and throat. There is no question about that. But can it also impact your ears? It can. Hearing loss is another reason why it is important to quit smoking. The worse news is the fact that non-smokers can also increase their risk of hearing impairment due to second-hand smoking. Get to know how smoking can make you deaf and how to avert it from happening.

Inner ear health
Smoking increases the bad cholesterol in the body. Cholesterol affects the hair cells inside your ears. The cholesterol seems to be preventing the growth of inner hair cells in the ear. Researchers are still figuring out what is the exact effect of the thinning number of hair cells inside the ears. However, it is theorized that the hair cells can lower the ability of the ears to hear effectively. The hair cells are known to improve the reception of the sounds that go through the ears.

Hypoxia
Hypoxia can occur in the cochlea which can cause hearing loss. Like any part of the human body, hypoxia, which is the lack of blood supply, can cause cellular damage that will lead to tissue and hearing impairment. Cochlea is the part of the ear that is swimming in fluids and blood. If the blood supply is inadequate it can lead to hearing damage.

Nerve damage
Another concern that doctors raise about smoking and its relation to ear health is the disruption of nerve transmissions. Nicotine has this nasty effect on the neurotransmitters which can impact the auditory nerve. If the chemical reactions are messed up with it may cause a malfunction in the hearing. This may send the wrong signals to the brain and cause people to mishear things and unable to perceive sound as it should be.

Toxic effects
Adolescent smoking is very alarming. Adolescents have less developed ears and as such the toxins may impact the nerve endings. The nicotine can also damage the nerve endings that can lead to poor hearing at best and hearing loss at worse. Free radicals in the cigarette smoke can also lead to poor formation of tissues that can lead to hearing loss.

Cotinine rise
Second-hand smokers are known to have high levels of cotinine. More often it can cause hearing loss. Cotinine is the by-product of nicotine and is used a leading indicator if a person is a passive smoker. There have been tests that people with high cotinine levels are unable to hear high-frequencies and the degradation of the hearing continued as passive smokers remained exposed to smoking. This is also true with former smokers.

Smoking can affect the hearing too. It is best to have the ears checked as soon as a smoker quits smoking. Eating fruits and vegetables to get anti-oxidants can also help to balance the levels of free radicals and avert further damage. Fiber can also help as a form of broom to sweep the toxins that can further damage the cells and inner ear hair and impact hearing quality.

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